Johannes Brahms wanted to write a requiem that, much like Martin Luther’s efforts in the 16th century, was directed directly at man. Brahms said to the Bremer Dom cathedral organist that he could have called the piece ’A Human Requiem’ instead of ’A German Requiem’, or Ein deutsches Requiem. In other words, the title refers to the language and not the audience, which, on the other hand, the text does from the very first movement: “Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.”
When Brahms thought about creating a requiem, he could have chosen the same route that Berlioz had previously taken, and as Verdi would later take, and written colossal work that required large resources. However, his talent did not lie in composing on the grand scale and even the symphonies are written for a rather moderate orchestra. Brahms never gave us an opera and he worked constantly to convey as much as possible with as few expressions and resources as possible.
A German Requiem is Brahms’s longest work and you can find traces of the music as early as 1861 when Brahms started composing a funeral cantata in two movements. The idea of setting the music to selected parts of Luther’s German Bible translation, instead of the regular mass in Latin, may stem from a conversation with his colleague Robert Schumann. Several years later, Brahms learned through Schumann’s widow Clara, that Schumann had intended to compose a funeral mass with the same title. But it is only after Brahms’s beloved mother dies in 1865 that the work on A German Requiem gains momentum, and for Brahms it was a grieving process. The composer stated in a conversation that he could very well call the work “Ein menschliches Requiem”, A Human Requiem.
Brahms’ A German Requiem differs from the traditional requiem. Instead of grieving the dead, the work is very much aimed at the living in order to provide solace and spiritual relief. For him, it was important to avoid the custom of a grand “Dies Irae”, day of wrath. Work on the composition was not very easy, and the German requiem only reached its definitive form in 1869, when it was premièred in Leipzig.
We are very pleased to welcome Matthias Goerne, a native of Weimar, back to Berwaldhallen. Goerne is one of the most appreciated baritone soloists currently performing and the collaboration between the Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra, Harding and Goerne has previously resulted in a critically acclaimed Wagner project released on CD by Harmonia Mundi. Equally welcome is Belgian soprano Sophie Karthäuser, who is highly sought after on the world’s major stages. Karthäuser is just as comfortable with Monteverdi as with Mozart, Debussy and Brahms.
Brahms was a great humorist and he wrote to a friend about the harp’s first movement: “I really made an effort to conceal the harp’s first contribution to the requiem, so that the attention-seeking instrument would not stand out as a mere effect.” A German Requiem is a much loved, intense, work that is performed frequently all over the world.
Text: Thomas Roth
The Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra serves as a symphony orchestra for the whole of Sweden. Regardless of where you live you can listen to the orchestra’s concerts through the Swedish Radio’s broadcasts or on their website, and several concerts are also shown on Swedish Television. The Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra is one of the best and most versatile orchestras in Europe – perhaps even in the world. Every year they perform well-loved works from the classical repertoire as well as new music by exciting contemporary composers such as Victoria Borisova-Ollas, Magnus Lindberg and Unsuk Chin. In addition they perform music from popular films and computer and video games and collaborate with leading jazz, pop and rock artists in a constant endeavour to develop and to break new ground.
The Swedish Radio Choir is like a leading mountaineer in the world of music. The choir’s chief conductor Peter Dijkstra has described the ensemble as “the group that leaves base camp first and stakes out the course for others to follow.” Three hundred years of Swedish a cappella tradition, combined with an ambitious and culturally diverse repertoire with some of the world’s finest conductors, has established the Swedish Radio Choir as one of the foremost ensembles of its kind. The 32 professional singers are as equally at home in completely new music by today’s most exciting composers as they are in classic favourites from the rich international treasure trove. Through the Swedish Radio’s broadcasts and website the choir not only reaches concert audiences but also radio listeners everywhere.